Our Projects

[]

SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT infra I. COMMONWEALTH'S

Documents also called for installation of some ductile iron pipe, fittings and appurtenances. N. Section 02616 of the contract specifications for Contracts One and Two, entitled "Ductile Iron Pipe and Fittings," governed the installation and testing of "ductile iron pipe and fittings as shown on the Drawings and as specified herein."

Get Price

US2977676A Ductile iron welding rod and method of

US2977676A US730522A US73052258A US2977676A US 2977676 A US2977676 A US 2977676A US 730522 A US730522 A US 730522A US 73052258 A US73052258 A US 73052258A US 2977676 A US2977676 A US 2977676A Authority US United States Prior art keywords welding rod ductile flux ductile iron Prior art date 1958-04-24 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a

Get Price

What are you really bolting onto your GK conveyor

With bushings, the ductile iron leg weighed in at a stout 21 lbs. while the aluminum stabilizer weighed a much more reasonable 12 lbs. The additional weight of the ductile iron casting produced an increase in stroke on our vibratory test drive of an 1/8 th inch for one leg. While that does not seem like a lot, a unit with 10+ legs can quickly

Get Price

Pramod Gupta Senior Fellow, Data Science McKinsey

5. Investigation of several parameters which have an impact of Secondary Desulphurization of liquid steel. 6. Improving the efficiency of Dephosphorization to achieve turndown %P < 0.015. 7. Study of Dephosphorization behaviour of all the LD shops. 8. Investigation of the root causes of Pin Hole defects in Ductile Iron pipes. 9.

Get Price
[]

Certain Ductile Iron Waterworks Fittings From China

Birmingham, AL, the Commission instituted investigation No. TA-421-4, Certain Ductile Iron Waterworks Fittings from China, under section 421(b) of the Act to determine whether certain ductile iron waterworks fittings 4 from China are being imported into the United States in such increased

Get Price

IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering

Spheroidal graphite cast iron is one of the most favorable materials in cast iron family due to its wide range of mechanical and tribological properties. In the current research priority is given towards the investigation of wear system response of spheroidal graphite cast iron subjected to various heat treatment conditions.

Get Price

An investigation of the mechanical damping of ductile iron

Ductile iron has been suggested as a candidate material for a number of practical applications, including turbine castings, automotive components, and transportation and storage casks for hazardous and radioactive materials. The applications require the enhanced ductility resulting from the presence of spherical graphite nodules in the ductile ferrite iron matrix.

Get Price
[]

EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF

Ductile iron pipes were introduced to the market to replace cast iron pipes in the early 1950s for transporting liquid and gas. The nominal diameter (internal diameter) of ductile iron pipes varies in the range of 3 inches (75 mm) to 64 inches (1600 mm) (AWWA C-151). These pipes made of ductile cast iron are generally manufactured with internal and

Get Price

Ultrasonic investigation of graphite nodularity in ductile

A.G.Fuller, Non-destructive Assessment of the Properties of Ductile Iron Castings, AFS Trans., No.80-162, pp. 751-768, 1980. A.G.Fuller, P.J.Emerson, G.F.Sergeant, A Report on the Effect Upon Mechanical Properties of Variation in Graphite Form in Irons Having Varying Amounts of Ferrite and Pearlite in the Matrix Structure and the Use of ND

Get Price

Elimination and Neutralization of Boron in Ductile Irons

CiteSeerX Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda) The presence of small amounts of boron in ductile iron is reported to have multiple and sometimes conflicting effects on the mechanical properties of ductile irons. The technical literature up until the early 1990's states that small amounts of boron is a powerful carbide stabilizing element.

Get Price

Seismic & Earthquake Resistant Ductile IronU.S. Pipe

Celebrating 120 years of providing clean safe water. Get the new U.S. Pipe app now!

Get Price
[]

Investigations on the Microstructure and Fracture of

Keywords alloyed ductile iron (ADI), bainitic transformation, retained austenite Abstract. An investigation has been conducted on two austempered ductile irons (ADI) alloyed with Cu (0.45%) and Cu (1.6%) + Ni (1.5%) austempered at 350oC in a range of times. The microstructure and fracture mode developed throughout these treatments have

Get Price

Corrosion behavior and mechanism of ductile iron with

1. Introduction Water shortage has always been a major problem to address and work for a possible solution. 1 For this reason, many countries began to use more and more reclaimed water to alleviate the water-apply pressure. 24 The ductile iron pipe with cement mortar lining (CML) was widely used as a water pipeline, 5 and was also commonly used for the transportation of recycled water.

Get Price
[]

ENVIRONMENTAL EMBRITTLEMENT OF DUCTILE IRON

Ferritic Ductile Iron Figure 1 presents the results of the investigation carried out by Druschitz et al [8] on 65-45-12 ferritic Ductile Iron tested at low strain rate (1% per minute) at room temperature, in contact with various liquid environments; no embrittlement was

Get Price

Investigation of ductile iron in mold treatment process

Ductile iron was first developed in 1943 and it is widely used in automotive industry.The difference between cast iron and ductile iron is due to the presence of spheroid graphite in the matrix of ductile iron which is not found in brittle cast iron. Ductile iron possesses higher ductility and tensile strength than in cast iron. It is inexpensive and castability compared to steel.

Get Price

Development and Testing of a Linear Polarization

The North American water and wastewater community has hundreds of millions of feet of ductile iron pipe in service. Only a portion of the inventory has any form of external corrosion control. Ductile iron pipe, in certain environments, is subject to external corrosion.Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) is an electrochemical method for measuring the corrosion rate of a material in a specific

Get Price

() Dephosphorization Treatment of High Phosphorus Iron

ed in the elongation of the ductile reduced iron particles and.variables for investigation wereThese findings leads to a new idea on the dephosphorization of a highphosphorous iron ore

Get Price
Senior Fellow, Data Science at

Dephosphorization Treatment High Phosphorus Iron Ore

Investigation Of Ductile Iron Dephosphorization. Dephosphorization treatment of high phosphorus iron ore by pre jan 1 2021 the dephosphorization treatment of the prereduced iron ore by mechanical of the hamersley high phosphorus iron ore used in this investigation the elongation of the ductile reduced iron particles and the entrapment of

Get Price
[]

Fatigue Crack Paths in Ferritic-Perlitic Ductile Cast Irons

in perlitic ductile iron. Considering higher applied ∆K values, the ferritic shield is more an more stressed and the ductile debonding becomes more and more evident (Figs 10 and 11). As a consequence of this ductile debonding, graphite spheroids act as crack closure effect raisers, as in ferritic ductile iron. The influence of metal matrix

Get Price

Giacomo Bertuzzi SQE Manager PetrolValvesLinkedIn

Support the supply chain of heavy section ductile iron castings from the technical point of view. Co-Design and support the design step introducing the casting manufacturing process of the item from the beginning. Cooperate with the foundry to improve continuously the quality and to

Get Price

Effect of austenitization temperature on microstructure

The wear resistances of austempered ductile iron (ADI) were improved through introduction of a new phase (carbide) into the matrix by addition of chromium. In the present investigation, low-carbon-equivalent ductile iron (LCEDI) (CE=3.06%, and CE represents carbon-equivalent) with 2.42% chromium was selected.

Get Price

Investigation of Grey Cast Iron Water Mains to Develop a

The principal objective of this research project was to develop a methodology that would assist water distribution engineers estimating the optimum time to replace grey cast iron water mains. The methodology should integrate information on corrosion-induced pit dimensions, effective pipe wall thickness, residual strength of grey cast iron, corrosion rates and the mechanical behavior of

Get Price

Alloy design of ductile phosphoric iron Ideas from

Aug 01, 2021 · Alloy design of ductile phosphoric iron Ideas from archaeometallurgy Alloy design of ductile phosphoric iron Ideas from archaeometallurgy Gouthama; Balasubramaniam, R. 2021-08-01 000000 Alloy design criteria to produce ductile phosphoric irons have been proposed based on a detailed microstructural study of ancient Indian irons. . The alloy design aims at avoiding phosphorus

Get Price
SQE Manager presso PetrolValves[]

Investigations on the Microstructure and Fracture of

Keywords alloyed ductile iron (ADI), bainitic transformation, retained austenite Abstract. An investigation has been conducted on two austempered ductile irons (ADI) alloyed with Cu (0.45%) and Cu (1.6%) + Ni (1.5%) austempered at 350oC in a range of times. The microstructure and fracture mode developed throughout these treatments have

Get Price
[]

An Investigation on the Effect of Surface Roughness on the

In a previous paper (Dix et al, 2021), the static mechanical properties of machined and as-cast thin ductile iron (DI) plates (2.5 to 6-mm thickness, 4.6 to 12-ºC/s cooling rate) were reported.

Get Price
[]

Rapid electrodeposition of iron from ferrous chloride baths

III. SCOPE OF INVESTIGATION The purpose of this investigation was to define the conditions for depositmg smooth, soft, ductile iron at current densities of at least 10 amp/dm2 (93 amp/ft2) and preferably higher, in contrast to the present practice of about 6 amp/dm2 (56 amp/W). This was ac­

Get Price

Microelectrode investigation of the reactions between

Thus, the goals of this study were to use microelectrodes to investigate the microscale in-situ reaction of monochloramine with aged abiotic pipe materials (ductile-iron and copper) under various water conditions.Four different water conditions were created by varying the pH (7 or 9) and phosphate concentration (0 or 3 mg/L).

Get Price

Completed Projects Ductile Iron Society

11. Factors Influencing Dross Formation in Ductile Iron Castings. 1982. 12. The Influence of Foundry Variables on Nodule Count in Ductile Iron. 1984. 13. The Influence of the Chemical Analysis of Alloys on the Nodule Count of Ductile Iron. 1984. 14. An Investigation of Factors Affecting the Machinability of Ductile Cast Irons. 1987. 15.

Get Price

The History of Iron Casting Part 1 The C.A. Lawton Co.

Apr 17, 2021 · In 1783, Henry Cort developed two methods for extracting impurities from iron, turning it from pig iron to wrought iron, and allowing large-scale production of non-brittle iron. Pig iron is a term used to describe the crude and brittle iron that comes directly from the blast furnace.

Get Price
[]

Ductile-Iron Pipe and Fittings

A more detailed description of the joints used with ductile-iron pipe is found in chapter 5 of this manual. 1.1.3 Development of Ductile-Iron Pipe The advent of ductile-iron pipe in 1948 was one of the most significant developments in the pressure pipe industry. Quickly recognized as a

Get Price
[]

Commerce Preliminarily Finds Dumping of Imports of Certain

regardless of width, design, or iron type (e.g., gray, white, or ductile iron). Subject iron mechanical transfer drive components are covered by the scope of the investigation regardless of whether they s have non-iron attachments or parts and regardless of whether they are entered with other mechanical

Get Price

[] Investigation of ductile iron in mold treatment

Ductile iron was first developed in 1943 and it is widely used in automotive industry.The difference between cast iron and ductile iron is due to the presence of spheroid graphite in the matrix of ductile iron which is not found in brittle cast iron. Ductile iron possesses higher ductility and tensile strength than in cast iron. It is inexpensive and castability compared to steel.

Get Price